TypeScript

Superset of JavaScript with more features than vanilla JS, like Types, Classes, Interfaces. Typescript need to be compiled to JavaScipt. TypeScript is a programming language developed and maintained by Microsoft. It is a strict syntactical superset of JavaScript and adds optional static typing to the language. It is designed for the development of large applications and transpiles to JavaScript.

What is TypeScript?

  • A superset of JavaScript created by Microsoft
  • Compiles to plain JavaScript code
  • Gives us a bunch of extra features
  • Includes many ES6 features

The browser can’t natively parse TypeScript files. So it has to be compiled to regular JS.

TypeScript features

  • Strong typing
  • Object Oriented features
  • Compile time errors
  • Object Classes
  • Modules – export / import
  • let / const scoping
  • Other ES6 features like arrow functions

TypeScript compiler

  • Written in TypeScript
  • Compiles .ts files to .js files
  • Installed with NPM
  • Supports ES6 Syntax
  • Used by Angular

Static Type Checking

  • Assign variable, parameter and function types
  • Completely optional
  • Helps find bugs
  • More descriptive code

Available Types

  • String
  • Number
  • Boolean
  • Array
  • Any
  • Void
  • Null
  • Tuple

Arrays

numberArray: number[];
stringArray: string[];
mixedArray: any[];
myTuple: [string, number, boolean];

Date & Time

publishDate?: any;
publishDate: new Date('01/02/2022 08:30:00');
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